By Steven Taylor
Within the mid- to past due Forties, a gaggle of younger males rattled the psychiatric institution through beaming a public highlight at the squalid stipulations and brutality in our nation's psychological hospitals and coaching faculties for individuals with psychiatric and highbrow disabilities. Bringing the abuses to the eye of newspapers and magazines around the kingdom, they led a reform attempt to alter public attitudes and to enhance the learning and standing of institutional employees. those younger males have been one of the 12,000 international conflict II conscientious objectors who selected to accomplish civilian public carrier in its place to scuffling with. performing on judgment of right and wrong a moment time, they challenged America's remedy of its voters with critical disabilities. Acts of sense of right and wrong brings to mild the intense efforts of those brave males, drawing upon broad archival study, interviews, and private correspondence.
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Additional info for Acts of Conscience: World War II, Mental Institutions, and Religious Objectors
Another issue during the hearings related to who should be exempt from military service. Representative John J. Starkman of Alabama questioned Maj. Lewis B. Hershey, who would become director of the Selective Service in July 1941, on the wording of the original Burke-Wadsworth Bill: “I was reading the provision about the conscientious objector, and it appears to me on that that he is required to be a member of some religious group which has as its doctrine or principles objection to participation in war.
R. Zigler of the Brethren as chairman, Orie O. Miller of the Mennonites as vice chairman, and Paul Comly French, Friend, as executive secretary. 33 In November, the National Council became the National Service Board for Religious Objectors. ◆ ◆ ◆ Throughout the history of what was to become the Civilian Public Service, NSBRO occupied an ambiguous position. It compiled information and issued reports, served as a liaison with the Selective Service system in negotiating CPS “Work of National Importance under Civilian Direction” | 17 1.
44 During World War II, Brand Blanshard, the head of the Department of Philosophy and Religion at the Friends’ Swarthmore College, received national publicity when he argued that an extreme emphasis on pacifism was inconsistent with Quakerism: “What the Light reveals is left to the individual conscience; it is not imposed on us from outside. ”45 Historically, the Friends have not believed in a clear separation between the secular and the religious. The Friends have long been involved in public matters and the affairs of the state and have actively tried to change government policies.
Acts of Conscience: World War II, Mental Institutions, and Religious Objectors by Steven Taylor